Немно́го о языке́ 5.1 Расписа́ние
Дни неде́ли = Days of the week
On Russian calendars, the week starts with понеде́льник / Monday, and the names of the days are often abbreviated.
Use the connections in the names of the days with words you already know to help you learn these words.
Ме́сяцы = Months
The months of the year in Russian are named similarly to their English counterparts. In the table below they are listed in their order over the calendar year.
|1. янва́рь||4. апре́ль||7. ию́ль||10. октя́брь|
|2. февра́ль||5. май||8. а́вгуст||11. ноя́брь|
|3. март||6. ию́нь||9. сентя́брь||12. дека́брь|
The names of the days of the week and the months of the year are all:
а. written with a capital letter б. written with a small letter
Telling on what day: в + accusative
While knowing the names of the days of the week is useful, in conversation we are more likely to use them in the combination with “on” to tell when something is happening. Russian expresses the idea of “on x day” with the preposition в + accusative case of the day. This means that the days of the week that are feminine nouns среда́, пя́тница, суббо́та in the accusative become: в сре́ду, в пя́тницу, в суббо́ту.
As you already know, prepositions are pronounced together with the word that follows them. In telling “on what day” the preposition в is often pronounced as [ф] because five days of the week start with voiceless consonants. The preposition в turns into во before the consonant cluster вт at the start of вто́рник. The preposition в combines with the initial в of воскресе́нье to form a single longer [в] sound.
Compare the two different forms in the table below. The first column Како́й день? names the day of the week; the second column Когда́? answers the question “on what day?” The third column notes the pronunciation of these phrases.
You will hear a set of sentences, in which the speaker sometimes names what day of the week it is (Како́й день?) while at other times the speaker tells on what day an event will happen (Когда́?). Check the column the speaker mentions.
Days and Parts of Days
In addition to telling on what day, we can also point out during what parts of the day an event happens. Notice that when we tell in a part of the day, the endings on these parts of the day are different from the forms used in greetings.
|До́брое у́тро!||у́тром||in the morning|
|До́брый день!||днём||in the afternoon|
|in the evening