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Вы всё по́няли? 1.9 Чья э́то ку́ртка?

Упражне́ние 1

In this section you will begin working with the word чей and the possessive forms мой, твой / ваш , наш and их. So that you can focus on the possessive forms, make sure that you know the words for the everyday objects about which we will be asking.

Чей э́то чемода́н?

NM with Amanda and Caitlin. NM is holding dictionary.
— Чей э́то слова́рь?
— Э́то мой слова́рь.
Denis with Josh and Tony. Josh is holding a jacket.
— Ребя́та, чья э́то ку́ртка?
— Э́то моя́ ку́ртка!

Упражне́ние 2

Later in this section you will work in more detail on the grammar associated with the word "whose" and the possessive forms "my/mine," "your(s)," "our(s)," etc. Your task now is to make sure you understand the basic meaning of each possessive. Each of the the following phrases has occurred in our story. Review the text in this section to determine which English translation corresponds to the given possessive form.

наш но́мер my your our their whose
мой слова́рь my your our their whose
чья ку́ртка my your our their whose
их докуме́нты my your our their whose
твой моби́льник my your our their whose
ваш чемода́н my your our their whose
чей слова́рь my your our their whose
моя́ тетра́дь my your our their whose

Твой и́ли ваш?

You have hopefully noticed that there are two words for “your” (твой and ваш) that correspond to the two words for “you” (ты and вы). You will soon learn more about the different endings these possessives can take, but in the meantime you will work on choosing the correct word for the context. Remember that твой is used in contexts in which you are speaking informally to a single person, and that ваш is used when you are speaking to a single person formally or to more than one person.

Упражне́ние 3

In the exercise below the person pictured is speaking. Based on the context, choose whether you should use ваш or твой. The first one is done for you.

Образе́ц:

Natalya Mikhailovna
— Ке́йтлин, э́то ваш / твой чемода́н?
You would choose ваш, since the interaction between Natalya Mikhailovna and Caitlin is formal.
Amanda
— Ке́йти, где ва́ша / твоя́ тетра́дь?
Natalya Mikhailovna
— То́ни, где ваш / твой па́спорт?
Denis
— То́ни, Джош, где ва́ши / твои́ докуме́нты?
Tony
— Джош, э́то ваш / твой журна́л?
Caitlin
— Ама́нда, где ва́ша / твоя́ ру́чка?

Упражне́ние 4

For each sentence you have a choice of two possessives. Choose the one that logically completes the sentence based on the image provided.

fighting children
— Моя́!
— Нет, не их / твоя́!
NM and suitcase
— Ке́йтлин, вот наш / ваш чемода́н.
Denis holding up tshirt
— То́ни, э́то твоя́ / их футбо́лка?
Denis holding up jacket
— Джош, э́то моя́ / твоя ку́ртка?