Немно́го о языке́ 1.9 Чья э́то ку́ртка?

Asking about ownership

The question word чей (whose?) and the words мой (my/mine), твой (your/yours –singular, familiar), наш (our/ours), and ваш (your/yours – plural or formal) are modifiers that agree with the noun that they modify in gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and number (singular, plural).

The tables below will show you the specific forms of these words.

Whose ___ is it?
Masculine Чей э́то чемода́н? Whose suitcase is this?
Feminine Чья э́то ма́йка? Whose t-shirt is this?
Neuter Чьё э́то ра́дио? Whose radio is this?
Plural Чьи э́то ту́фли? Whose shoes are these?

Possible answers tо these questions are below.

my Э́то мой чемода́н.
your Э́то твой чемода́н.
our Э́то наш чемода́н.
your Э́то ваш чемода́н.
my Э́то моя́ ла́мпа.
your Э́то твоя́ ла́мпа.
our Э́то на́ша ла́мпа.
your Э́то ва́ша ла́мпа.
my Э́то моё ра́дио.
your Э́то твоё ра́дио.
our Э́то на́ше ра́дио.
your Э́то ва́ше ра́дио.
my Э́то мои́ журна́лы.
your Э́то твои́ журна́лы.
our Э́то на́ши журна́лы.
your Э́то ва́ши журна́лы.

Listen to and read these phrases:

Caitlin and her suitcase
Э́то мой чемода́н.
movie star with lots of suitcases
Э́то мои́ чемода́ны.

Notice that masculine singular мой is a one syllable word where you will hear the -о clearly. The plural мои́, however, is a two-syllable word where the stress is not on the -о ... and so it will sound like -а. Be careful not to confuse the stress mark in мои́ with the hook of the й in мой.

Now listen to these phrases, which use the words “our(s)” / “your(s)”:

caitlin holding lamp and Amanda pointing to chair
Э́то на́ша ла́мпа, а э́то на́ше кре́сло.
NM pointing out window on high rise building
Ке́йтлин, ва́ше окно́ там.
NM and Josh. NM is holding knit cap
Джош, э́то ва́ша ша́пка?

Again, because of vowel reduction the forms ваше and ваша above will sound identical; the same is true for наша and наше. You will need to know whether to spell -а or –е at the end, but you do not need to worry about hearing or pronouncing them differently.

Here are some hints to help remember the forms:

1) Think of the endings generally associated with each gender and plurals.

Masculine forms have a ø ending (they end in consonants)
чей? -- мой | твой | наш | ваш
Feminine forms end in -а or -я
чья? -- моя́ | твоя́ | на́ша | ва́ша
Neuter forms end -о / -е / -ё
чьё? -- моё | твоё | на́ше | ва́ше
Plural forms: -ы / -и
чьи? -- мои́ | твои́ | на́ши | ва́ши

2) The endings on forms for мой and твой are identical for all genders (as well as for plurals), so if you know all the endings for one of them, you know the endings for the other.  All of the endings for наш and ваш are also identical.

3) The third person forms его́ (his/its), её (her/hers) and их (their) modify nouns of any gender and number. They never change, no matter what noun they modify. Remember that его́ is pronounced е-[в]-о́

Упражне́ние 1. Listening

Various people are in a room sorting through a jumble of items.  Listen to the start of each sentence and determine which noun ends the sentence. You will need to pay attention to the gender and number of the possessive pronoun you hear to match the appropriate noun.

1) чемода́н? ла́мпа? брю́ки?
2) ра́дио. слова́рь. ю́бка.
3) ю́бка. костю́м. босоно́жки.
4) окно́. слова́рь. крова́ть.
5) джи́нсы. костю́м. ку́ртка.
6) сапоги́. пиджа́к. пла́тье.
7) костю́м. пла́тье. очки́.
8) пла́тье? ку́ртка? кроссо́вки?
9) сапоги́ крова́ть журна́л