Немно́го о языке́ 2.8 Ама́нда пи́шет име́йл

На́ши студе́нты: кто они́ по национа́льности?

Anyone with a mixed family heritage that is the product of emigration over the last few generations may find it hard to describe their национа́льность. Look at the map below to find out about the grandparents of our students.

Просмотреть На́ши студе́нты: кто они́ по национа́льности? на ка́рте бо́льшего разме́ра

Упражне́ние 1

Indicate which of the following statements are true (Э́то ве́рно.) and which are false (Э́то неве́рно.).

Soviet-period nationality policies defined Jews евре́й / евре́йка / евре́и as a национа́льность rather than solely as a religious identiy. To some extent this was a function of pre-Revolutionary discriminatory attitudes and practices against Jews that continued to manifest themselves in the 20th century in the USSR. The tendency to distinguish евре́и from other национа́льности persisted, and this is why the description of Josh’s grandfather uses an adjective-noun combination to indicate his origins. 

Unlike Soviet passports (which listed национа́льность as the fifth item after surname, name, patronymic and date of birth), Russian Federation passports no longer record this information.

Числи́тельные 1-39: Phone numbers

In the USSR smaller cities would often have telephone numbers consisting of only five or six digits. These days cities with shorter numbers usually have digits added at the front end to the city code, so that all these number are six or seven digits; this is the case in both Yaroslavl' and Irkutsk.

When Russians dictate phone numbers to each other, they may read them individually (оди́н-четы́ре-три-пять-семь-шесть-де́вять), but they may group them by twos or threes instead (one hundred forty-three, fifty-seven, sixty-nine).

You have already had some practice understanding two-digit numbers. If you need to review here is a link.

Упражне́ние 2

Help Josh and Caitlin check the accuracy of the list of important phone numbers that they jotted down on the first day. You will hear each number in groups of two digits. Make sure to write them in that form (xx-xx-xx).

Here is Josh's list of numbers:

Here is Caitlin's list of numbers:

Числи́тельные 40-199

As you can see in the table, the numerals 50, 60, 70 and 80 are quite regularly formed and end in "-десят" ("tens"). Two of the new numbers do not resemble other numbers you have seen: 40 and 100. Listen to all of them carefully, noting how the words' stressed syllables affect vowel reduction. To make compound forms like 61 or 75, just say the single digit right after the double digit number.

40 со́рок  
50 пятьдеся́т = пять x деся́т (5 tens)
60 шестьдеся́т = шесть x деся́т (6 tens)
70 се́мьдесят = се́мь x деся́т (7 tens)
80 во́семьдесят = во́семь x деся́т (8 tens)
90 девяно́сто  
100 сто  

Упражне́ние 3

Listen to the speaker read a numeral between 1 and 199 and indicate what you hear.

Упражне́ние 4

You will hear a sequence of two numbers (for example: “21- 134”). Indicate what you hear, remembering to use the dash between the two numbers.

Упражне́ние 5. Макдо́налдс в Росси́и: ско́лько сто́ит?

Of our four students, Josh is the one who likes fast food, and he was curious about the Russian Макдо́налдс. He decided to visit one of the firm's many branches in Moscow before heading off to Irkutsk. Listen to the prices and then mouse over the item to check your answer.

1. Big Mac
2. Chicken McNuggets (small)
3. McMuffin
4. Happy Meal (Cheeseburger)
5. Caesar salad
6. large coffee
7. omelette
8. large Coke
9. Сhicken sandwich
10. Happy Meal (McNuggets)
11. Chocolate shake